Is the research study unique for which additional explanation is needed?
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For instance, you may have used a completely new method. Your introduction is different from your background in a number of ways. First, the introduction contains preliminary data about your topic that the reader will most likely read. Secondly, the background of your study discusses in depth about the topic, whereas the introduction only gives an overview. Lastly, your introduction should end with your research questions, aims, and objectives, whereas your background should not except in some cases where your background is integrated into your introduction. For instance, the C.
Creating a Research Space model, created by John Swales is based on his analysis of journal articles. This model attempts to explain and describe the organizational pattern of writing the introduction in social sciences.
Your background should begin with defining a topic and audience. It is important that you identify which topic you need to review and what your audience already knows about the topic. You should proceed by searching and researching the relevant literature. In this case, it is advisable to keep track of the search terms you used and the articles that you downloaded.
It is helpful to use one of the research paper management systems such as Papers, Mendeley, Evernote, or Sente. Next, it is helpful to take notes while reading. Be careful when copying quotes verbatim and make sure to put them in quotation marks and cite the sources. WordPress Shortcode.
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Thesis statements/Research questions/Problem statements
Actions Shares. Embeds 0 No embeds. No notes for slide. How to write a statement problem 1. The issue of how to write a problem statement becomes important. Generally speaking a research problem is a situation that needs a solution and for which there are possible solutions. If a situation has no possible solutions then it makes little or no sense expending resources researching it.
Dying looks like a problem that needs a solution yet there is no possible solution to it. People must die. A research on how people can live forever makes little or no sense. A research problem may be described as an incongruence; a discrepancy between what is and what ought to be. It may be also described as the gap in knowledge that needs to be filled. A problem statement is the description of an issue currently existing which needs to be addressed.
It provides the context for the research study and generates the questions which the research aims to answer. The statement of the problem is the focal point of any research. A good problem statement is just one sentence with several paragraphs of elaboration. For example it could be: "The frequency of job layoffs is creating fear, anxiety, and a loss of productivity in middle management workers. The paragraphs could cover present persuasive arguments that make the problem important enough to study. They could include the opinions of 2 3.
A well articulated statement of the problem establishes the foundation for everything to follow in the proposal and will render less problematic most of the conceptual, theoretical and methodological obstacles typically encountered during the process of proposal development. This means that, in subsequent sections of the proposal, there should be no surprises, such as categories, questions, variables or data sources that come out of nowhere: if it can't be found in the problem section, at least at the implicit level, then it either does not belong in the study or the problem statement needs to be re-written.
Problem statements often have three elements: 1. The problem itself, stated clearly and with enough contextual detail to establish why it is important 2. The method of solving the problem, often stated as a claim or a working thesis 3. The purpose, statement of objective and scope of the project being proposed. These elements should be brief so that the reader does not get lost. One page is enough for a statement problem. However, an explanation of the qualitative methodology and the parameters of the research methodology should be explained.
The problem provides the context for the research study and typically generates questions which the research hopes to answer. In considering whether or not to move forward with a research project, you will generally spend some time considering the problem. In your proposal the statement of the problem is oftentimes the first part to be read with scrutiny.
I am ignoring the title and the abstract because ideally a title should be born out of a problem statement and an abstract should be a summary after the problem has already been dealt with. The problem statement should, therefore, "hook" the reader and establish a persuasive context for what follows.
You need to be able to clearly answer the question: "what is the problem"? And "why is this problem worth my attention"? At the same time, the problem statement limits scope by focusing on some variables and not others. It also provides an opportunity for you to demonstrate why these variables are important.
Any sentence that doesn't directly contribute to the problem statement's goals should be removed. Use clear, direct language. Don't get bogged down in minor details — problem statements should deal only with the essentials of your problem and solution. In general, keep your problem statement as short as possible without sacrificing its informativeness.
Thesis statements/Research questions/Problem statements | RRU Library
A problem statement is no place to add your own personal commentary or "flavor", as this makes the problem statement longer for no practical purpose. You may or may not have the opportunity to be more long-winded in the body of your document, depending on the seriousness of your topic and audience. Write to your audience.
When making a problem statement, it's important to remember that you're writing for someone else, not for yourself. Different audiences will have different sets of knowledge, different reasons for reading, and different attitudes toward your problem, so try to keep your intended audience in mind as you write. You want your problem statement to be as clear and easy for your audience to understand as possible, which means you may need to change your tone, style, and diction from one audience to another. As you write, try to ask yourself questions like: "Who, specifically, am I writing for?
Don't use jargon without defining it. As noted above, your problem statement should be written so that it's as easy for your audience to understand as possible. This means that, unless you're writing for a technical audience that is likely to be knowledgeable in the terminology of the field you're writing about, you'll want to avoid using technical jargon too heavily and to make sure that you define any pieces of jargon that you do use.
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Never make the assumption that your audience automatically has all of the technical knowledge that you do or you risk alienating them and losing readers as soon as they encounter terms and information they're not familiar with. For instance, if we're writing for a board of highly-educated physicians, it may be OK to assume that they'll know what the term "metacarpal" means.
However, if we're writing to an audience made up of both physicians and wealthy hospital investors who may or may not be medically trained, it's a good idea to introduce the word "metacarpal" with its definition- the bone between the first two joints of the finger. Stick to a narrow, defined problem. The best problem statements aren't sprawling, rambling pieces of writing. Instead, they're focused on a single, easily-identified problem and its solution.
Generally, narrow, defined topics are easier to write convincingly about than large, vague ones, so whenever possible, you'll want to keep the scope of your problem statement and thus the body of your document well-focused. If this makes your problem statement or the body of your document short, this is usually a good thing except in academic situations where you have minimum page limits for your assignment. A good rule of thumb is to only address problems that you can definitively solve beyond a shadow of a doubt.
If you're not sure of a definitive solution that can solve your entire problem, you may want to narrow the scope of your project and change your problem statement to reflect this new focus. To keep the scope of a problem statement under control, it can be helpful to wait until after completing the body of the document or proposal to write the problem statement. In this case, when you write your problem statement, you can use our actual document as a guideline so that you don't have to guess about the ground you may cover when you write it.
Remember the "five Ws". Problem statements should be as informative as possible in as few words as possible, but shouldn't delve into minute details. If you're ever in doubt of what to include in your problem statement, a smart idea is to try to answer the five Ws who, what, where, when, and why , plus how. Addressing the five Ws gives your reader a good baseline level of knowledge to understand the problem and solution without treading into unnecessary levels of detail. For instance, if you're writing a problem statement to propose a new building development to your local city council, you might address the five Ws by explaining who the development would benefit, what the development would require, where the development should be, when construction should begin, and why the development is ultimately a smart idea for the city.
Use a formal voice. Problem statements are almost always used for serious proposals and projects. Because of this, you'll want to use a formal, dignified writing style the same as the style hopefully used for the body of the document in the problem statement. Keep your writing clear, plain, and direct. Don't attempt to win your reader over by taking a friendly or casual tone in your problem statement. Don't use humor or jokes. Don't include pointless asides or anecdotes. Don't use slang or colloquialisms. Good problem statements know that they have a job to accomplish and don't waste any time or ink on unnecessary content.
The closest you can usually get to including purely "entertaining" content in academic writing in the humanities. Here, occasionally, it's possible to encounter problem statements that begin with a quote or epigraph. Even in these cases, however, the quote has some bearing on the problem being discussed and the rest of the problem statement is written in a formal voice. Always proofread for errors. This is a must for all forms of serious writing — no first draft has ever existed that couldn't have benefited from the careful eye of a good proofreader.
When you finish your problem statement, give it a quick read. Does it seem to "flow" properly?
Does it present its ideas coherently? Does it seem to be logically organized? If not, make these changes now. When you're finally satisfied with the structure of your problem statement, double-check it for spelling, grammar, and formatting errors. You'll never regret re-reading your problem statement before you turn it in. Since, by its very nature, the problem statement is usually the first part of a proposal or report that someone will read, any errors here will be especially embarrassing for you and can even reflect negatively on your entire document.
Describe the problem, back it up with evidence and explain your solution. Yes No. Not Helpful 10 Helpful For a citation, you list the source, the author, the year it was published, and on what day you found it. Not Helpful 4 Helpful What problem statement can I write on a subject fading out of schools? Natalie Tellechea.
Point that out, saying it is of particular concern because of lack of awareness. Not Helpful 6 Helpful Should I explain my problem's financial cost in every problem statement? No, but make sure that you elaborate on it enough at the beginning of your problem statement to serve as a background.
Not Helpful 3 Helpful How do I write a problem statement about branch managers not reporting correct figures? Not Helpful 1 Helpful 2. How do I write a problem statement about poor revenue base in councils? Not Helpful 0 Helpful 1. Unanswered Questions. How do I write a problem statement that is health related? Answer this question Flag as Flag as How do I write a problem statement on the prevalence of certain diseases found in children?
How do I write a problem statement on the properties and application of something? How can I write a problem sentence on depression? How do I write a problem statement about organic crayons? Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Already answered Not a question Bad question Other. Related wikiHows.